Heart Disease Diagnosis, Treatment and Care

Treatments for heart disease are somewhat same for both men and women. Possible treatments thus include medicines, lifestyle changes, surgical procedures, cardiac rehab and more

The goals of heart disease treatment are simple –

  • Relieve symptoms
  • Reduce cardiac risk factors
  • Slow, stop, or reverse the buildup of plaque
  • Lower the risk of formation of blood clots
  • Widen the clogged coronary arteries.
  • Prevent CHD complications
  • Lifestyle Changes

Heart Disease Treatrment

Source: Wikepedia.org

Cardiovascular risk factors

Some risk factors such as, ethnicity, gender, genetic, age, family history can’t be changed while other risk factors such as tobacco exposure, high cholesterol, high BP, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, exposure to alcohol, diabetes and unhealthy diets and lifestyle can be controlled. You may not develop heart disease if you are exposed to just one factor however the fact is undeniable that, the more risk factors you have, greater is the likelihood for you to develop coronary heart disease.

The risk factors which you can control

Hypertension or high blood pressure is one of the biggest factors for stroke and plays an incredible role in expediting heart attacks. The good news is; high BP is modifiable. Meaning you can prevent and successfully treat it to prevent heart attack and heart disease. All you have to do is to get your blood pressure checked and if you have high BP then stick to your recommended management plan.

Of course; lifestyle and heart disease has a deep seated connection. making some lifestyle changes can help in preventing coronary heart disease and often these changes are the only treatment that some people may need. The lifestyle choices which we make have a direct connection with heart attack and other heart diseases. Research statistics clearly reveal that committing to heart healthy lifestyle can reduce the threats and risks of heart disease by 80%.

Say no to smoking because smoking and heart attack are connected. Quit, if you smoke or use tobacco. This is typically because smoking to a great extent raises your risk for heart attack and also worsen the other coronary disease and the risk factors. Sad but true, smoking augments the risk of heart disease and increases the risk of stroke by 2 to 4 times. Research also reveals that women who smoke are more susceptible to heart disease as compared to men who smoke. Research has also proved that continuing to be a smoker all through your life shaves off 13-14 years from your life. This means smoking does not only stand as the risk for lung cancer but it also damages your heart.

Eat a healthy and balanced diet. That’s right; healthy diet is an integral part of the healthy lifestyle. Your healthy diet should include a variety of vegetables and fruits. It should also include fat free dairy products, whole grains and protein foods. Try to cut down on your alcohol intake and avoid drinks that are high in added sugars.

Try to be active physically. Yes; regular physical activity can help in lowering many CHD risk factors, including high BP, high LDL cholesterol and excess weight. Talk with your doctor to learn more about the heart healthy exercises.

Deal with your stress and depression. Research has clearly stated; getting upset or getting angry can trigger a heart attack. Learn how to manage stress. Laughter is also a great medicine for optimal heart health. Also relax, and cope with problems to improve your emotional and physical health.

Medicines for heart disease

Of course; you may need medicines to treat CHD if lifestyle changes aren’t enough. Medicines can help to –

  • Reduce your heart’s workload
  • Relieve CHD symptoms
  • Decrease your chance of having a heart attack
  • Lower your cholesterol, blood pressure, and other CHD risk factors
  • Prevent blood clots

Treatment & Care for heart disease

As already briefed; treatments for heart disease that your health care professional can do can be all over the map – ranging from CPR, to high-tech surgeries, to caregiving.

CPR: That’s right; CPR is one link in what the American Heart Association calls the chain of survival.

Medical care: Yes; it is absolutely essential once heart disease is diagnosed, to stabilize the condition, to control symptoms over the long term and when possible to cure the disease.

Angioplasty and Stents: Angioplasty uses very little cutting for widening the blocked heart arteries. Stents can also be put in during angioplasty.

Heart Bypass Surgery: Bypass surgery helps in treating heart disease when the coronary arteries are blocked.

Cardioversion: For people with heart diseases when drugs alone fails in turning arrhythmia into a normal heart rhythm, cardioversion or electrical cardioversion stands as yet another option for treatment.

EECP: This help in stimulating the blood vessels, to develop small branches and in creating natural bypass around the narrowed or blocked arteries

Pacemakers: For the uninitiated; it’s a small device that typically sends electrical impulses to the heart muscle in order to keep up a suitable heart rate and rhythm. A pacemaker may also treat fainting spells (syncope), congestive heart failure, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD): It’s typically a kind of mechanical heart. The heart surgeon would place it inside your chest to help pump oxygen-rich blood throughout the body.

Talk to a heart specialist in Kolkata to prevent heart disease or to stay away from future heart attacks.

Don’t take your heart health for granted and look for the best heart treatment in Kolkata

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *